Sunday, 13 November 2016

Alexis Korner

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Alexis Korner

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Alexis Korner
Alexis-Korner.jpg
Alexis Korner & Snape, Musikhalle Hamburg, November 1972
Background information
Birth nameAlexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner
Also known as"Father of British Blues"
Born19 April 1928
Paris, France
Died1 January 1984 (aged 55)
Westminster, London
GenresBluesblues rock
OccupationsMusician, singer-songwriter, historian, broadcaster
InstrumentsVocals, acoustic & electric guitarDobrotiplepiano[1]
Years active1945–1984
LabelsDeccaPolydor, Spot Records, CBS Records,Transatlantic Records,FontanaRAK Records,TempoBrain Records,Liberty, Atlantic/Metronome,77 RecordsWarner Bros.,Charisma
Associated actsBlues IncorporatedC.C.S., Snape
Notable instruments
Guild F-30Gibson ES-35Martin Tiple[1]
Alexis Korner (born Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner; 19 April 1928 – 1 January 1984) was a British blues musician and radio broadcaster, who has sometimes been referred to as "a founding father of British blues".[2] A major influence on the sound of the British music scene in the 1960s,[3] Korner was instrumental in bringing together various English blues musicians.

Contents

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Early career[edit]

Alexis Andrew Nicholas Koerner was born in Paris to an Austrian Jewish father and a Greek mother.[4][5] He spent his childhood in France, Switzerland and North Africa and arrived in London in 1940 at the start of World War II. One memory of his youth was listening to a record by black pianist Jimmy Yancey during a German air raid. Korner said, "From then on all I wanted to do was play the blues."[6]
After the war, Korner played piano and guitar (his first guitar was built by friend and author Sydney Hopkins, who wrote Mister God, This Is Anna) and in 1949 joined Chris Barber's Jazz Band[7] where he met blues harmonica player Cyril Davies. They started playing together as a duo, started the influential London Blues and Barrelhouse Club in 1955 and made their first record together in 1957. Korner made his first official record on Decca Records DFE 6286 in the company of Ken Colyer's Skiffle Group. His talent extended to playing mandolin on one of the tracks of this rare British EP, recorded in London on 28 July 1955. Korner brought many American blues artists, previously virtually unknown in Britain, to perform.[8]

The 1960s[edit]

Main article: Blues Incorporated
In 1961, Korner and Davies formed Blues Incorporated,[9] initially a loose-knit group of musicians with a shared love of electric bluesand R&B music. The group included, at various times, Charlie WattsJack BruceGinger BakerLong John BaldryGraham Bond,Danny Thompson and Dick Heckstall-Smith. It also attracted a wider crowd of mostly younger fans, some of whom occasionally performed with the group, including Mick JaggerKeith RichardsBrian JonesGeoff BradfordRod StewartJohn Mayall and Jimmy Page.[10]
One story is that the Rolling Stones went to stay at Korner's house late one night, in the early 1960s, after a performance. They entered in the accepted way, by climbing in through the kitchen window, to find Muddy Waters' band sleeping on the kitchen floor.[citation needed]
Although Cyril Davies left the group in late-1962, Blues Incorporated continued to record, with Korner at the helm, until 1966. However, by that time its originally stellar line-up (and crowd of followers) had mostly left to start their own bands. "While his one-time acolytes the Rolling Stones and Cream made the front pages of music magazines all over the world, Korner was relegated to the role of 'elder statesman'."[6]
Although he himself was a blues purist, Korner criticised better-known British blues musicians during the blues boom of the late 1960s for their blind adherence to Chicago blues, as if the music came in no other form. He liked to surround himself with jazzmusicians and often performed with a horn section drawn from a pool that included, among others, saxophone players Art Themen,Mel CollinsDick Heckstall-SmithLol Coxhill,[11] Dick MorrisseyJohn Surman and trombonist Mike Zwerin.

Broadcasting[edit]

In the 1960s Korner began a media career, working initially as a show business interviewer and then on ITV's Five O'Clock Club, a children's TV show. Korner also wrote about blues for the music papers, and continued to maintain his own career as a blues artist, especially in Europe.
On 17 October 1967, Korner interviewed The Jimi Hendrix Experience for the BBC radio show Top Gear. Some of these tracks, including audio of Korner himself, appear on the Hendrix double-CD BBC Sessions, including Korner playing slide guitar on "(I'm Your) Hoochie Coochie Man".
While touring Scandinavia he formed the band New Church with guitarist and singer Peter Thorup. They subsequently were one of the support bands at the Rolling Stones Free Concert in Hyde Park, London, on 5 July 1969. Jimmy Page reportedly found out about a new singer, Robert Plant, who had been jamming with Korner, who wondered why Plant had not yet been discovered. Plant and Korner were recording an album with Plant on vocals until Page had asked him to join "the New Yardbirds", a.k.a. Led Zeppelin. Only two songs are in circulation from these recordings: "Steal Away" and "Operator".[10] Korner gave one of his last radio interviews to BBC Midlands on the Record Collectors Show with Mike Adams and Chris Savory.

1970s[edit]

Korner and Peter Thorupin Bremen
In 1970 Korner and Thorup formed a big-band ensemble, C.C.S. – short for "The Collective Consciousness Society" – which had several hit singles produced by Mickie Most, including a version of Led Zeppelin's "Whole Lotta Love", which was used as the theme for BBC's Top of the Popsbetween 1971 and 1981. Another instrumental called "Brother" was used as the theme to the BBC Radio 1 Top 20/40 when Tom Browne/Simon Bates presented the programme in the 1970s. It was also used in the 1990s on Radio Luxembourg for the Top 20 Singles chart. This was the period of Korner's greatest commercial success in the UK.[10]

1970s to 1984[edit]

Korner with Snape
In 1973, he and Peter Thorup formed another group, Snape, with Boz BurrellMel Collins, and Ian Wallace, who were previously together in King Crimson. Korner also played on B.B. King's In London album, and cut his own, similar "supersession" album; Get Off My Cloud, with Keith Richards,Steve MarriottPeter FramptonNicky Hopkins and members of Joe Cocker's Grease Band. In the mid-1970s, while touring Germany, Korner established an intensive working relationship with bassist Colin Hodgkinson who played for the support act Back Door. They would continue to collaborate right up until Korner's death.[10]
In the 1970s Korner's main career was in broadcasting. In 1973 he presented a unique 6-part documentary on BBC Radio 1The Rolling Stones Story,[3] and in 1977 he established a Sunday-night blues and soul show on Radio 1, Alexis Korner's Blues and Soul Show, which ran until 1981. He also used his gravelly voice to great effect as an advertising voice-over artist. In 1978, for Korner's 50th birthday, an all-star concert was held featuring many of his above-mentioned friends, as well as Eric ClaptonPaul JonesChris FarloweZoot Money and others, which was later released as The Party Album, and as a video.
In 1981, Korner joined another "supergroup", Rocket 88, a project led by Ian Stewart based on boogie-woogie keyboard players, which featured arhythm section comprising Jack Bruce and Charlie Watts, among others, as well as a horn section. They toured Europe and released an album onAtlantic Records. He played in Italy with Paul Jones and the Blues Society of Italian bluesman Guido Toffoletti.

Album discography (selected UK and other releases)[edit]

  • Blues from the Roundhouse 10" (1957) – Alexis Korner's Breakdown Group
  • R&B from the Marquee (1962) – Blues Incorporated
  • Alexis Korner and Friends (1963) – Blues Incorporated
  • At the Cavern (1964) – Blues Incorporated
  • Red Hot from Alex (1964) – Blues Incorporated
  • Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated (1965) – Blues Incorporated
  • Sky High (1966) – Blues Incorporated
  • I Wonder Who (1967)
  • Alexis Korner's Blues Incorporated (re-issue of Sky High) – Blues Incorporated
  • A New Generation of Blues (1968)
  • Both Sides (1970) – New Church
  • CCS 1st (1970) – CCS
  • Alexis Korner (1971)
  • Bootleg Him! (1972)
  • CCS 2nd (1972) – CCS
  • Accidentally Borne in New Orleans[12] (1973) – with Peter Thorup; Snape
  • Live on Tour in Germany (1973) – with Peter Thorup; Snape
  • The Best Band in the Land (1973) – CCS
  • Alexis Korner (1974)
  • Get Off My Cloud (1975)
  • The Lost Album (1977)
  • Just Easy (1978)
  • The Party Album (1979) – Alexis Korner and Friends
  • Me (1980)
  • Rocket 88 (1981) – Rocket 88
  • Juvenile Delinquent (1984)
  • Testament (1985) – with Colin Hodgkinson
  • Live in Paris (1988) – with Colin Hodgkinson

Family life and death[edit]

In 1950, Korner married Roberta Melville, daughter of art critic Robert Melville.[13] Korner died aged 55 years, on 1 January 1984.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Bob Brunning (1986), Blues: The British Connection, London: Helter Skelter, 2002. ISBN 1-900924-41-2
  • Bob Brunning, The Fleetwood Mac Story: Rumours and Lies, Omnibus Press, 2004; foreword by B.B. King
  • Dick Heckstall-Smith (2004), The Safest Place in the World: A Personal History of British Rhythm and blues, Clear Books. ISBN 0-7043-2696-5. First Edition: Blowing the Blues – Fifty Years Playing the British Blues
  • Christopher Hjort Strange Brew: Eric Clapton and the British Blues Boom, 1965–1970, foreword by John Mayall, Jawbone, 2007. ISBN 1-906002-00-2
  • Harry Shapiro, Alexis Korner: The Biography, London: Bloomsbury Publishing PLC, 1997; Discography by Mark Troster. ISBN 0-7475-3163-3

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